IVF is a process in which the sperm fertilizes an egg outside the body.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a form of assisted reproductive technology that involves a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility and assist with the conception of a child. 'In vitro' means 'outside the body', indicating that in this procedure, fertilisation takes place outside the body. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilised by sperms in a lab. Then the fertilised egg (embryo) is then transferred to a uterus.
When is it done?
IVF may be an option if either of the partner has
How is it done?
IVF can be done using a couple's own eggs and sperm, or it may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier or surrogate might be used.The steps involved in the IVF procedure include
Women who undergo IVF must take daily shots or pills of the hormone progesterone for 8 to 10 weeks after the embryo transfer, since this helps an embryo to attach onto the uterine lining. It also helps an implanted embryo to grow and become established in the uterus. Too little progesterone during the early weeks of pregnancy may lead to miscarriage. A pregnancy test can be done about 12 to 14 days after the embryo transfer, so as to ascertain conception.
The chances of having a healthy baby using IVF depend on many factors. Age is one of the strongest factors in the success of IVF. The chance of becoming pregnant through IVF is much higher if you're under 35 years old.There are also a few risks involved in undergoing IVF, which includes multiple births, premature delivery and low birth weight, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, miscarriage, egg-retrieval procedure complications, ectopic pregnancy, and birth defects. If the pregnancy test is negative, it is recommended to have one complete menstrual cycle before the next IVF cycle. A small break between cycles is usually advised, for health, financial and emotional reasons. IVF can be time-consuming, expensive, and an invasive experience. So, it is necessary to prepare oneself before trying the IVF procedure.